NEW YORK – On the edge of the SoHo neighborhood downtown, The Henley Vaporium is an intimate hipster hangout with overstuffed chairs, exposed brick, friendly counter help – but no booze.
Instead, the proprietors are selling e-cigarettes, along with bottles of liquid nicotine ready to be plucked from behind a wooden bar and turned into flavorful vapor for a lung hit with a kick that is intended to simulate traditional smoking. A hint of banana nut bread e-juice lingered in the air one recent afternoon as patrons gathered around a low table to chat and vape. Others sidled up to the inviting bar for help from a knowledgeable “vapologist.”
Places such as Henley are a rarity, even in New York. But “vaping,” itself, has had astonishing growth; in eight years or so, the number of enthusiasts around the world has grown from a few thousand to millions. Believed by some to be the invention of a Chinese pharmacist, vaping now has its own YouTube gurus, trade associations, lobbyists, online forums and vapefests for meet-ups centered on what enthusiasts consider a safer alternative to the “analog,” their name for tobacco cigarettes.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration plans to regulate e-cigarettes but has not yet issued proposed rules. Right now, the agency’s website simply says, “E-cigarettes have not been fully studied so consumers currently don’t know the potential risks,” including how much nicotine or other chemicals are inhaled, or if e-cigs “may lead young people to try ... conventional cigarettes.”
Whether vaping helps regular smokers quit or leads nonsmokers to nicotine addiction isn’t known. Vaping might be safer – there are differing opinions – but it isn’t necessarily cheap.
Will Hopkins, 21, a dog walker in black leather jacket and skull ring, visits Henley four or five times a week. He smoked a pack of full-strength Marlboros a day for eight years, until he took up vaping.
The same goes for his buddy, Will Gallagher, 20, a photographer who has been vaping for two years and is fond of his brass mod, a cylindrical device that’s larger than a cigarette and decorated with a tiger and Chinese lettering.
“I think both of us have poured in probably a little over a thousand” dollars, Gallagher said of their equipment. “I like the exclusivity of vaping. I like to keep changing up my stuff.”
The men are into rebuilding tanks and rewiring coils, scouting new e-liquid flavors and adjusting their devices, which can cost up to $300 at Henley, to allow for more vapor, more flavor. But the co-owners of Henley count older smokers among their clientele as well.
E-cigarettes are usually made of metal parts combined with plastic or glass and come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They heat the liquid nicotine solution, creating vapor that quickly dissipates when exhaled. The vapor looks like tobacco smoke and can feel like tobacco smoke when taken into the lungs at varying strengths, from no nicotine up to 24 milligrams or more.
Whether vaping is cheaper than a cigarette habit is up to how much is spent on equipment and liquids and how often one vapes. A 15-milliliter bottle of liquid at Henley can go for $12 and might be roughly the equivalent of four packs of cigarettes, depending on the strength of the liquid and leaf cigarette, among other factors like how many puffs a smoker takes in. Rechargeable devices require batteries – another expense – and a starter kit for reuse that comes with a device can run around $66.
By comparison, the cost of a 20-cigarette pack of regular cigarettes can range from about $5 to about $15, depending on what state its purchased in and the cigarette tax there.
Critics said e-cigs might serve as a tobacco gateway for uninitiated young people.
“It may be smoking e-cigarettes, but it’s still smoking,” said U.S. Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Connecticut, who was one of four senators to fire off a scathing letter to NBC and the Hollywood Foreign Press Association after a spoof on e-cigs aired in January during the Golden Globes.
Proponents argue that vaping isn’t only safe but is helping people quit smoking. The Henley has a white “wall of doom,” where it lists in big black letters the numerous tars and chemicals found in tobacco cigarettes, but absent in e-cig use if one is careful about the liquids purchased.
“What’s so beautiful about this product is we can take people from a high level of nicotine down to zero, down to nothing, so they’re just vaping basically water and flavoring,” Henley co-owner Talia Eisenberg said.