Colin Campbell: Learn from Matthew to recover from Florence
BY COLIN CAMPBELL
Tuesday, September 18, 2018
If recent history is any guide, we'll still be hearing about the Hurricane Florence recovery effort well into 2020.
The recovery from Hurricane Matthew — which flooded large parts of Eastern North Carolina in October 2016 — was still creeping along as Florence hit the state. Just a week before Florence, Gov. Roy Cooper's administration announced the hiring of three state-funded employees to help the small town of Fair Bluff rebuild.
Before life could return to normal, many of the same communities are experiencing flooding from Florence. This time, our state must learn from the mistakes of Hurricane Matthew and do better. The victims of Florence shouldn't have to wait two years to get federal and state assistance.
The immediate state and federal response to Matthew worked well, and one can assume the same for Florence. Storm shelters are running smoothly, and storm victims will likely have the supplies and temporary housing they'll need in the coming weeks.
The problems arrived in Matthew's long-term recovery: Some homeowners are still awaiting funding to help repair and rebuild their homes. Tourism-driven coastal communities were quick to recover, but low-income inland communities have felt forgotten. The application process for federal aid was full of red tape, and state agencies were slow to distribute the money once they finally got federal approval.
Last month, state leaders started spending a $236 million federal Hurricane Matthew recovery grant in Robeson County, but were still awaiting federal environmental approvals to spend the money in 21 other affected counties. It's unclear what happens now: Will the money flow to Florence victims too? What about the communities that may have flooded twice?
Given the anemic federal response to Matthew and Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico last year, North Carolina leaders can't rely too heavily on FEMA. In the past, the state has been hesitant to spend money on recovery needs that are eligible for federal money.
But if federal recovery money takes years, it's up to the governor and legislature to step in and make sure homes and businesses can be repaired and rebuilt sooner. Legislative leaders have already said they expect a special session to allocate state disaster funding.
State government is in a good position: The "rainy day fund" has grown to $2 billion, thanks to prudent actions by the legislature. For comparison, that amount equals about 8 percent of annual government spending. The legislature allocated a total of $326 million in the wake of Matthew, which caused an estimated $4.8 billion in damage.
"My colleagues and I need to remember that is why the rainy day fund was fully funded," Rep. Chuck McGrady, R-Henderson, said on Twitter last week. "Legislators need to be willing to fund whatever legitimate needs arise from the hurricane, and the (governor's) administration needs to get the money out the door."
State leaders also must make tough decisions for areas that have flooded repeatedly in recent storms. Thanks to climate change, devastating hurricanes and flooding are becoming more common. We can't afford to keep rebuilding on land we know will flood again.
North Carolina must expand its Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, which helps elevate buildings as well as buy and demolish flood-prone properties. In some cases, participation in the program must be mandatory.
Princeville, the historic African-American community near Tarboro, has been working on a model for saving communities while shifting away from flood-prone areas. The state helped buy a 53-acre property after Matthew that sits on higher ground. The plan is to build town services, businesses and housing there — an approach that should be replicated in other communities.
Cooper and Republican legislators also must resist the temptation to make Hurricane Florence a political football. Some cynical politicos have been trying to make Hurricane Matthew's slow recovery an election issue, with the GOP bashing Cooper's leadership and Cooper countering by making more visits to affected towns.
Sure, we've got a key election in less than two months. But Hurricane Florence demands bipartisan leadership.
Colin Campbell is editor of the Insider State Government News Service. Follow him at NCInsider.com or @RaleighReporter. Write to him at firstname.lastname@example.org.